The integers are (..., -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, ...)

We can pair up integers with natural numbers by pairing all the even natural numbers with positive integers and all the odd natural numbers with negative integers, like this:

0:0, 1:-1, 2:1, 3:-2, 4:2, ...

An equation which maps the natural numbers to the integers in this way is as follows:

y = -(x+1)/2*(x mod 2) + x/2*((x+1) mod 2)

"mod" is an operator called a modulo operator which gives the resulting remainder for a number divided by another. For example 4 mod 2 gives 0 and 5 mod 2 gives 1.

"x mod 2" will give 1 when x is odd and 0 when x is even.

"(x+1) mod 2" will give 1 when x is even and 0 when x is odd.

These are used in order to multiply them with terms that will deal with either the odd natural numbers or the even natural numbers.

"-(x+1)/2" will work when x is odd and will return -1 for 1, -2 for 3, -3 for 4, etc.

"x/2" will work when x is even and will return 1 for 2, 2 for 4, 3 for 6, etc.

These are used to pair up the negative integers with the odd natural numbers and the positive integers with the even natural numbers.

"-(x+1)/2*(x mod 2)" will give the negative integers for odd natural numbers and 0 for even natural numbers, as "-(x+1)/2" will be multiplied by 1 for odd naturals and by 0 for even naturals.

"x/2*((x+1) mod 2)" will give the positive integers for even natural numbers and 0 for odd natural numbers, as "x/2" will be multiplied by 1 for even naturals and by 0 for odd naturals.

By adding them together, since both terms will alternate between 0 and their signed integers, the sum will be an alternating sequence of positive and negative numbers for every natural number x. When x is 0, the result of the sum will also be 0 as both terms will be multiplied by 0.

The equation in Python 3 is as follows:

for x in range(20): print(x, ":", -(x+1)//2*(x % 2) + x//2*((x+1) % 2))

And here is the output:

0 : 0 1 : -1 2 : 1 3 : -2 4 : 2 5 : -3 6 : 3 7 : -4 8 : 4 9 : -5 10 : 5 11 : -6 12 : 6 13 : -7 14 : 7 15 : -8 16 : 8 17 : -9 18 : 9 19 : -10

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